Passing data to DataProvider from Excel sheet

In this example we will see how to pass the data to Dataproviders by reading the data from excel sheet. DataProvider helps to send multiple sets of data to a test method. But here we need to make sure that the array returned by the dataprovider should match with the test method parameters.

We will write a simple program in which we will validate login screen by taking multiple usernames and passwords. The annotated method must return object[][] where each object[] can be assigned to the test method one as username and the other parameter as password.

Step 1: First create a method to read excel data and return string array.
Step 2: Create before class and after class methods which helps in getting the browser and closing them when done.
Step 3: Create a data provider which actually gets the values by reading the excel.
Step 4: Create a Test which takes two parameters username and password.
Step 5: Add dataprovider name for @Test method to receive data from dataprovider.

package com.pack;


import org.testng.Assert;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeClass;
import org.testng.annotations.DataProvider;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

import jxl.Sheet;
import jxl.Workbook;

public class ReadExcelDataProvider {
	public WebDriver driver;
	public WebDriverWait wait;
	String appURL = "";
	private By byEmail ="session_key-login");
	private By byPassword ="session_password-login");
	private By bySubmit ="signin");
	private By byError ="global-alert-queue");
	public void testSetup() {
		driver=new FirefoxDriver();
		wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, 5);

	public void VerifyInvalidLogin(String userName, String password) {
		//wait for element to be visible and perform click
		//Check for error message
		String actualErrorDisplayed = driver.findElement(byError).getText();
		String requiredErrorMessage = "Please correct the marked field(s) below.";
		Assert.assertEquals(requiredErrorMessage, actualErrorDisplayed);
	public Object[][] loginData() {
		Object[][] arrayObject = getExcelData("D:/sampledoc.xls","Sheet1");
		return arrayObject;

	 * @param File Name
	 * @param Sheet Name
	 * @return
	public String[][] getExcelData(String fileName, String sheetName) {
		String[][] arrayExcelData = null;
		try {
			FileInputStream fs = new FileInputStream(fileName);
			Workbook wb = Workbook.getWorkbook(fs);
			Sheet sh = wb.getSheet(sheetName);

			int totalNoOfCols = sh.getColumns();
			int totalNoOfRows = sh.getRows();
			arrayExcelData = new String[totalNoOfRows-1][totalNoOfCols];
			for (int i= 1 ; i < totalNoOfRows; i++) {

				for (int j=0; j < totalNoOfCols; j++) {
					arrayExcelData[i-1][j] = sh.getCell(j, i).getContents();

		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
		} catch (IOException e) {
		} catch (BiffException e) {
		return arrayExcelData;

	public void tearDown() {

After clicking on login button, we are using WebdriverWaits to Check for error message and validate.

The output should look like below:

[TestNG] Running:

PASSED: VerifyInvalidLogin("testuser1", "testpassword1")
PASSED: VerifyInvalidLogin("testuser2", "testpassword2")
PASSED: VerifyInvalidLogin("testuser3", "testpassword3")
PASSED: VerifyInvalidLogin("testuser4", "testpassword4")
PASSED: VerifyInvalidLogin("testuser5", "testpassword5")

    Default test
    Tests run: 5, Failures: 0, Skips: 0

Default suite
Total tests run: 5, Failures: 0, Skips: 0
Test Frameworks: 



Using the above code when i pass multiple columns for example user name and password the code works.
If I have only one column with one row value for example for using in rest GET API's

Then I get data provider is passing 2 parameters and testmethod excepts only one parameter.
Could you please let me know what change i need to make so that test works for any number of rows or columns?

Pass one dimensional array. Change Object[][] to Object[] and String[][] to String[]. Pass only one parameter in test method.

Please anyone tell to me... my requirement is we have to take email(****** and password(123456) these values are taken from tha excel file and do login the email....


i have tried the same code in selenium web driver, but its not working. I don't know what go wrong. when i try to run the script, driver it self is not getting load and show the below error. it really great if same one help me with this.

Error Massage:

Started InternetExplorerDriver server (32-bit)
Listening on port 21329
Only local connections are allowed
log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger (org.apache.http.client.protocol.RequestAddCookies).
log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.
log4j:WARN See for more info.

Prashant Patil

I have used the same to execute in different application with different test data, but I'm getting error at @Data Provider part,
public Object[][] loginData() {
Object[][] arrayObject = getExcelData("D:/sampledoc.xls","Sheet1");
return arrayObject;
Please give me a solution to resolve this error.

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