As we have seen earlier WebDriver’s support classes called “Select”, which provides useful methods for interacting with select options. User can perform operations on a select dropdown and also de-select operation using select methods.
We will now show you how to work with select methods using examples tests. We have created a common resuables which can be used across the tests.
Below is the sample test with three test methods. Each with a different example.
Working with checkbox is very simple using webdriver. It is same as click operation. But it is always recommended to check if that is already in selected mode or deselected. Because, if it is already selected and when you click on the same element it will get deselected. We will look into different ways to perform select and de-select operations on checkboxes. We will also use reusable methods to perform the operation in multiple tests.
The below is the simple command to do that:
In testing, it is always important to test application in different browsers. We can perform automation on multiple browsers using selenium and testng. If there are more number of tests that need to be executed in parallel on different browsers also, we can do this using testng. And there is an other challenging task such executing tests in different browser versions and also different Operating systems. This can be achieved with Selenium Grid.
As we know it is always better to use ID and Name to locate the elements which will work for sure. You don't need to search for any other locator if there is ID or Name present in your application.
Let us look for xpath examples to use ID and Name effectively with combinations
If the html looks like below :
<input type="text" aria-label="Email or Phone" value="Email or Phone" tabindex="1" placeholder="" name="email" id="email" class="inputtext _5aju" style="background-color: transparent;">
We can use as below :
To install AutoIt first download the AutoIt exe file from the below location.
About AutoIT : AutoIt v3 is a freeware BASIC-like scripting language designed for automating the Windows GUI and general scripting. Please refer AutoIt for more details
Click on download at AutoIt Full Installation
In this framework, keywords are developed which are equal to a unit level functionality. It is an independent framework which perform automation based on the keywords specified in the excel sheet. Based on the type of application, the number of keywords will be increased to handle different functionalities.
The below are the few keywords which are used commonly in the web applications.
1. We may require to scroll to bottom of the page and then perform operations. For this scenario we have created a test 'scrollingToBottomofAPage'/
In Selenium .properties files are mainly used to store GUI locators / elements, and also Global fields like database configuration details
'.properties' files are mainly used in Java programs to maintain project configuration data, database config or project settings etc. Each parameter in properties file are stored as a pair of strings, in key and value format, where each key is on one line. You can easily read properties from some file using object of type Properties.
Below is a example program which demonstrate to read the data from .properties file using Java.
The Easy way of uploading a file is simple case of just finding the element and typing the absolute path of the document into it.
It is mandatory that it works only when the textbox is enabled. So please make sure that the input element is visible. In the below example 'uploadsubmit' is the name of that element and in 'sendKeys()' we have to specify the absolute path of the content that we want to upload (that can be file/image/video etc).
Sample HTML Code should look similar to this :